Author: Calvey, J.R.
Paper Title Page
MOPLM21 Circuit Model Analysis for High Charge in the APS Particle Accumulator Ring 151
  • K.C. Harkay, J.R. Calvey, J.C. Dooling, L. Emery, R.R. Lindberg, K.P. Wootton, C. Yao
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
The Advanced Photon Source (APS) particle accumulator ring (PAR) was designed to accumulate linac pulses into a single bunch with a fundamental rf system, and longitudinally compress the beam with a harmonic rf system prior to injection into the booster. For APS Upgrade, the injectors will need to supply full-current bunch replacement with high single-bunch charge for swap-out in the new storage ring. Significant bunch lengthening, energy spread, and synchrotron sidebands are observed in PAR at high charge. Lower-charge dynamics are dominated by potential well distortion, while higher-charge dynamics appear to be dominated by microwave instability. Before a numerical impedance model was available, a simple circuit model was developed by fitting the measured bunch distributions to the Haissinski equation. Energy scaling was then used to predict the beam energy sufficient to raise the instability threshold to 18-20 nC. With the beam in a linear or nearly linear regime, higher harmonic radio frequency (rf) gap voltage can be used to reduce the bunch length at high charge and better match the booster acceptance.
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About • paper received ※ 27 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 31 August 2019       issue date ※ 08 October 2019  
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